One of the great advantages of frozen semen is that the world is your market. It opens up the opportunity to expand the bloodlines of your breeding program by incorporating stallions from other countries. Importing frozen semen offers an alternative cost effective option compared to purchasing and importing young stock with those desirable bloodlines in their pedigree. But before you rush off to search the internet for your next world class stud, here are some points to consider before embarking on an import of frozen semen.
Is the semen already available in the US?
There may be brokers in your country who have already imported frozen semen from the international stallion you are interested in; this would mean semen would already be available for sale and shipment domestically. In general, if you are looking to purchase just a couple of doses, working with a reputable broker domestically is likely to be more cost effective than importing the semen directly from the international stallion owner. Hopefully, the domestic broker will also have some history on the use of the frozen semen and can provide to you information on the conception rates.
Does the stallion have export qualified semen available for your country?
In order to qualify for export, semen must be frozen at an export approved collection center and the stallion subjected to health testing requirements dictated by the country of import. The regulations and requirements for export/import of frozen semen vary depending upon the countries involved.
In our Stallion Guide, the stallion profile indicates whether a particular stallion has export qualified semen available and for what countries. We also have a list of US Quarter Horse stallions that are already available in Europe and Australia here.
What does the process of semen import typically involve?
The process for import of frozen semen can vary depending upon the countries involved, so the following is provided as just a general overview. First you would apply for an import permit with the Department of Agriculture in your country, for the USA this is the USDA. Information required for the import permit includes the stallion’s name, age, breed and registration number, the total number of straws being shipped, the address the semen is shipping from and the airport through which the semen will leave the country.
A copy of the import permit is then provided to the international semen owner. Based upon this import permit, they will generate a health certificate for the semen, outlining all the health testing that has been performed on the stallion and/or semen to fulfill the requirements for import into the destination country. This health certificate must then be signed and endorsed by the department of agriculture in their country. Once the paperwork is complete, the semen can be loaded into the shipping container and sent to its destination. The tank is usually sealed with a special tie issued by the department of agriculture to ensure the semen is not tampered with during shipment.
Frozen semen is a biological product of animal origin and as such it must pass through customs inspection. This will occur at both the departure airport in the country of origin and the arrival airport in the destination country. To facilitate passage through customs it is preferable to work with a broker who can receive the shipment, move it through customs, and put it back on track for shipping. A broker is also a valuable link in communication with customs should a problem arise with the paperwork.
Preparing the required paperwork and organizing a broker can be a daunting task for the average breeder inexperienced with frozen semen export and import procedures. In addition there may be language barriers to communication. Therefore we would recommend working with a company like Select Breeders Services to coordinate the various elements of the semen import. With our International Affiliated Network of Laboratories, SBS is perfectly positioned to assist you with import of semen from another country.
What costs are involved in importing frozen semen?
Aside from the cost of purchasing the frozen semen there would be fees associated with preparation and endorsement of the paperwork (import permit and health certificate), international FedEx for the shipment, brokerage fees at the airport, tank rental and the fee to return the tank. Costs and fees vary but you should anticipate charges of $1000- $1500 in each country.
What questions should I ask before purchasing the frozen semen?
You can achieve excellent results with frozen semen IF the semen is of good quality, is provided in adequate numbers and has been processed, stored and shipped properly. All too often mare owners and veterinarians have been disappointed with the results they obtained with frozen semen that may not have been processed properly or was distributed without adhering to strict standards for quality control. The best way for a mare owner to ensure success is to breed to a stallion whose owner or agent is willing to stand behind the product and offer a pregnancy guarantee, just like they would with cooled semen. If that is not the case then make sure that the semen was collected and frozen by a reputable, professional laboratory and that you can obtain objective information about the semen quality. See our blog articles: Questions Every Mare Owner Should Ask before Breeding with Frozen Semen and Frozen Semen: Sell by the Dose or as a Breeding
What can I do if I have concerns about the semen quality?
Each dose of semen should have at least 30% post-thaw progressive motility and contain a minimum of 200 million progressively motile sperm per dose. However, it is important to remember that semen analysis can very between laboratories. See our FAQ: Can’t post-thaw motility vary with the laboratory performing the analysis? If you have any concerns about the semen quality, we would recommend having an independent laboratory perform a post-thaw analysis on the frozen semen. If you plan to buy and import a large amount of semen it would be advisable to have the quality tested in the country of origin before purchase and export. This could save you considerable expense if you import a large amount of semen only to discover after arrival that the semen quality is poor. Select Breeders can assist you with post thaw analysis; our testing includes evaluation of sperm concentration, motility and a bacterial culture. With these results you will know how many progressively motile sperm are in each straw and can adjust the number of straws per dose accordingly to ensure the best chance of conception.
Can Select Breeders distribute my imported frozen semen for me?
Select Breeders can assist you with the import of frozen semen and we can store the semen for your own use. However, if you plan to commercially distribute imported frozen semen that was not frozen by an SBS Affiliate Laboratory the semen must be subjected to and pass our quality control post-thaw analysis. This is required so we can accurately represent the semen to our clients.
What else do I need to know?
Allow sufficient time to process and receive your import and perform any required quality control testing well in advance of the breeding season. Many people wait until breeding season is upon them to make decisions about importing semen, this is a very busy time for semen imports and exports and there may be limited tank availability. If there are any hold ups or concerns about the semen quality it may delay your breeding plans.